Archive for the ‘Social Security History’ Category

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Five lessons from the failing fight against child poverty

Friday, November 27th, 2015

The new federal government’s pledge to implement the Canada Child Benefit while eliminating the Universal Child Care Benefit and the Canada child tax credit is predicted to help Ontario exceed its child poverty reduction target ahead of schedule. Ontario will need its federal partner to do some of the heavy lifting when it comes to ending chronic homelessness and expanding affordable housing units as well.

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Ed Broadbent reflects on the child-poverty pledge of 1989

Wednesday, November 19th, 2014

Broadbent was encouraged by Brian Mulroney’s Progressive Conservative government, which had spent years helping to craft the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the General Assembly only one week prior to Canada’s historic vote. But what he hadn’t counted on was the way the North America Free Trade Agreement would usher in a decade of deregulation and cost-cutting… Twenty-five years on, Broadbent is encouraged by the way inequality has again resurfaced in political discourse… democracies have to deal with this issue,” he said.

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What America Won in the ‘War on Poverty’

Sunday, January 12th, 2014

State and local governments have been laboratories of new initiatives—from work and training programs, to partnerships between local businesses and community colleges, to food banks… Government programs defined not by ideology but by flexibility and the ability to help private and local institutions act—not by giving them grants as the War on Poverty did, but via tax incentives that help run programs—that would be welcome innovation, and the best way to continue the legacy of the War on Poverty.

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Difference between skiving and striving

Friday, June 29th, 2012

June 28, 2012
or David Cameron this week, the central dilemma was the potential contradiction between two of those “giant evils”, namely want and idleness. How do you provide “cradle-to-grave” wrap-around care to banish forever the shocking poverty Beveridge had witnessed during the Great Depression, without encouraging a minority to swing the lead? How do you help the needy without undermining work incentives among the merely slothful? …The 1845 Scottish Poor Law Act, like its English equivalent, relied on the idea of less eligibility: reducing the numbers entitled to support by making unemployment as unpleasant as possible

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Should recent arrivals qualify for Old Age Security?

Thursday, September 1st, 2011

September 1, 2011
I find it hard to distinguish why we should impose residency requirements on Old Age Security but not other public benefits or public spending. Why restrict Old Age Security to long-term residents but not public health insurance? … as the short twenty-year span of contributory Old Age Security taxes fades from fiscal memory, the argument for excluding short-term residents from the benefits received by other Canadian seniors will become harder to make.

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Why CPP hikes are a bad idea

Monday, February 7th, 2011

February 6, 2011
The earliest contributors to the CPP made out wonderfully… But the return on one’s CPP taxes become meagre the later one is born. It’s why it resembles a social program and not a true pension plan… The low contribution rates for the pre-baby boom generation had everything to do with demographics. Over the decades, successive governments kept retirement contributions artificially low… The 1997 reforms were meant to address both the unfunded liability in the CPP and partially address the generational imbalance.

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Individual responsibility and the welfare state

Sunday, January 23rd, 2011

January 22, 2011
In Canada in the 1960s and 1970s, when social programs became a defining feature of national identity, as well as a weapon against Quebec separatism, there was much discussion, even in the Progressive Conservative Party, of guaranteed annual incomes, effectively paying salaries to citizens whether they are employed or productive or not. In the United States, more arithmetically sober heads prevailed… , but Europe now faces the problem, with aging and problems attracting assimilable immigration, of only 30-some percent of the population working while everyone else draws benefits of some kind.

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Let’s refocus on a guaranteed annual income

Thursday, January 20th, 2011

Jan. 20, 2011
Mr. Croll’s description of the situation Canada faced in the 1970s still echoes: “If the social welfare business of Canada had been in the private sector, it would have long ago been declared bankrupt. The reasons are not hard to find. Resistance to change, a stubborn refusal to modernize its thinking, a failure to understand the root causes of poverty, inadequate research and the bureaucracy digging in to preserve itself and the status quo, are some of the basic causes of the dilemma in which we find ourselves today.”

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How six months can change a party

Sunday, September 12th, 2010

Sep 12 2010
… two presentations were based on a key philosophical point — the need to move from “negative” liberty, or the absence of constraints, to “positive” liberty where opportunities are accessible to all… The relevance of the Kingston conference is this: In 1960, like today, the conventional wisdom is that governments defeat themselves. Opposition is enough. But the reformers argued instead that a positive plan had to complement the negative parliamentary attack. Liberals had to think as well as react. And such thinking had to be informed by a coherent philosophy and a clear narrative.

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What really caused Canada’s ‘fearful’ evolution [welfare statism]

Monday, October 5th, 2009 – Opinion/fullcomment – What really caused Canada’s ‘fearful’ evolution
Posted: October 05, 2009.   Gérard Bélanger, Jean-Luc Migué

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