Lasting programs needed to cure our social wounds

Posted on July 9, 2020 in Health Policy Context, Social Security Policy Context

Source: — Authors: – Opinion/Contributors
July 9, 2020.   Gary Bloch, Contributor

Many of us struggle to live with the consequences of bad decisions. A toxic romantic relationship we don’t leave. A career we find depressing or unfulfilling. Sometimes those decisions blow up in our faces — through divorce, firing, or the worst kinds of mid-life crises.

Sadly, Canada is in one of those moments now. COVID-19 is laying bare the consequences of four decades of neoliberal social policy choices. Our moment of reckoning has arrived.

I spent the first two months of the COVID-19 pandemic as lead physician in the creation and operation of a temporary recovery site, in a Toronto hotel, for people experiencing homelessness to shelter and recover from the virus. This project required the rapid mobilization and co-operation of every level of government, health oversight agencies, hospitals, community health providers and homeless service organizations.

We were largely successful. We developed a unique operation that runs smoothly, is well-liked by clients and has addressed health and social services agencies.

The process took its toll, though. Many of us reached near-burnout levels of stress and anxiety, working12-plus-hour workdays without a break for weeks. Navigating clashing organizational priorities, nervous administrators and lawyers, desperate community demands. And facing an unpredictable pandemic that we feared could explode at any moment among people experiencing homelessness.

While proud of our work, we faced an existential quandary throughout: if our clients had homes, they would never have required our service. They would have recovered at home, like most people with COVID-19.

We spent thousands of hours and millions of dollars to build a large bandage. We were scrambling to cover a wound that had been festering for years.

Our recovery site was only necessary because there are tens of thousands of people in Toronto who do not have a safe space to live or to isolate.

Which brings us back to those choices we made decades ago that created the social crisis behind the pandemic.

We embraced a path of neo-liberal austerity. We elected leaders who promised to slim down government, minimize social programs, cut taxes. We hoped they were going to leave more money in our pockets and allow a free market-driven society to function with minimal government interference. We were swept up in a utopian political vision of freedom and growth and self-actualization.

But cracks opened in the system almost as soon as it was developed. As we cut back or failed to develop our social programs — social assistance, employment insurance, child care, education, affordable housing — social inequality, and its horrific effects on marginalized individuals, began to rise.

More and more people faced barriers — to an adequate income, appropriate housing, a decent job and a healthy life — that were becoming insurmountable.

Like no moment I have lived through before, this pandemic has made evident the holes in our social support system. The poverty, homelessness and precarious work we tolerate and try to bury under inadequate social supports. The entrenched historical structural inequities like racism and sexism we sweep under the carpet but are the driving determinants of who is most negatively impacted by COVID-19 and most other illnesses.

Quick-fix solutions will not be enough. Recovery hotels will not cure homelessness. Temporary income support programs like CERB will not cure poverty. But we can use this moment as a launch pad for deeper change. Our recovery plan must look to correct the inequities that have driven the social crises revealed through this pandemic.

It is time to develop real, lasting programs to cure our social wounds, to end poverty, homelessness, racism and other manifestations and drivers of deep inequality. And it is time to challenge the structures of institutions that reinforce social injustice.

We all make mistakes. Some of them are too big to live with. Canada can emerge from this crisis strong and resilient. But we will have to acknowledge where we went wrong and commit to a path to recovery that builds a social support system that doesn’t just cover social wounds, but that corrects the injustice that caused them.

Gary Bloch is a family physician in Toronto and an associate professor at the University of Toronto.

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